18 January 1945

18 January 1945

18 January 1945

January 1945

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Eastern Front

IV SS Panzer Corps attacks in Hungary, reaching the Danube south of Budapest

2nd Ukrainian Front takes Pest.

Poland

The Lublin Committee enters Warsaw



[Copy of a Map of the Herrlisheim Battle January 18-20, 1945]

A copy of a map of the battle of Herrlisheim, France from January 18-20, 1945.

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This photograph is part of the collection entitled: Abilene Library Consortium and was provided by the 12th Armored Division Memorial Museum to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 419 times, with 6 in the last month. More information about this photograph can be viewed below.

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The 12th Armored Division Memorial Museum

This Museum is located in Abilene and serves as a display and teaching museum for the study of World War II and its impact on the American people. It primarily contains 12th Armored Division World War II archives, memorabilia, and oral histories, along with selected equipment and material loaned or donated by others.

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  • Main Title: [Copy of a Map of the Herrlisheim Battle January 18-20, 1945]
  • Series Title:Earl Norris Collection

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A copy of a map of the battle of Herrlisheim, France from January 18-20, 1945.


La Grange Journal (La Grange, Tex.), Vol. 66, No. 3, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 18, 1945

Weekly newspaper from La Grange, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with extensive advertising.

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eight pages: ill. page 23 x 16 in. Digitized from 35 mm microfilm.

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Creator: Unknown. January 18, 1945.

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This newspaper is part of the collection entitled: Fayette County Area Newspaper Collection and was provided by the Fayette Public Library, Museum and Archives to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 22 times. More information about this issue can be viewed below.

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Check out our Resources for Educators Site! We've identified this newspaper as a primary source within our collections. Researchers, educators, and students may find this issue useful in their work.

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Fayette Public Library, Museum and Archives

Re-opened in 2005, the expanded Fayette Public Library, Museum and Archives serves the city of La Grange and surrounding communities in Fayette County, Texas.

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  • Main Title: La Grange Journal (La Grange, Tex.), Vol. 66, No. 3, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 18, 1945
  • Serial Title:The La Grange Journal
  • Alternate Title: LaGrange Journal

Description

Weekly newspaper from La Grange, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with extensive advertising.

Physical Description

eight pages: ill. page 23 x 16 in.
Digitized from 35 mm microfilm.

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  • Library of Congress Control Number: sn86088871
  • OCLC: 14209264 | External Link
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metapth1004449

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This issue is part of the following collections of related materials.

Fayette County Area Newspaper Collection

Located in central Texas, Fayette County’s first Anglo settlers arrived in the early 1820s. The county was organized January 18, 1838, with La Grange as the county seat. Beginning in the mid-1840s, a series of short-lived newspapers were published at La Grange.

Tocker Foundation Grant

Collections funded by the Tocker Foundation, which distributes funds principally for the support, encouragement, and assistance to small rural libraries in Texas.

Texas Digital Newspaper Program

The Texas Digital Newspaper Program (TDNP) partners with communities, publishers, and institutions to promote standards-based digitization of Texas newspapers and to make them freely accessible.


On This Day - 1945

Four GCs, nine GMs and three Bars to the GM were awarded to RANR personnel serving in the Rendering Mines Safe Section of the RN during WWII.

HMAS Horsham decommissioned at Fremantle and was placed in the Reserve Fleet. During her service she had steamed 95,872 miles and was under way for 11,302 hours. Horsham was sold as scrap for breaking up to the Hong Kong Delta Shipping Company, Hong Kong, on 8 August 1956.

HMAS BASILISK, (shore establishment at Port Moresby), paid off.

The modified River class frigate HMAS MURCHISON, (LCDR J. McL Adams, RAN), was commissioned. MURCHISON was laid down in Evans Deakin Yard, Brisbane, on 3 June 1943, and launched on 31 October 1944.

HMAS Parkes paid off into Reserve at Fremantle on 17 December 1945. Without being again brought forward for service Parkes was sold for scrap on 2 May 1957 to Hong Kong Rolling Mills Ltd, of Hong Kong.

HMAS Riawe was decommisioned and returned to owner Mr Gordon Allison.

The Q class destroyer, HMAS QUEENBOROUGH, was commissioned. QUEENBOROUGH was laid down at Swan Hunter’s Yard, England, on 6 November 1940, and launched on 16 January 1942. QUEENBOROUGH was transferred to the RAN in September 1945.

HMAS Kara Kara paid off into reserve at Darwin. After five years in reserve she departed Darwin on 6 December 1950, arriving at Sydney on 22 December 1950. Without further sea going service she was transferred to unmaintained reserve at Waverton Depot on 30 December 1960 and was later used as a Reserve Amenities Ship at Sydney. Kara Kara was sold on 15 February 1972 to Marrickville Metals, Marrickville, NSW, for breaking up. After being stripped of useful material the hulk was handed back to the RAN for use as a target. On 31 January 1973 Kara Kara was sunk, forty miles east of Jervis Bay, as a target for RAN ships and aircraft

The River class frigate HMAS MACQUARIE, (LEUT L. M. Hinchliffe, DSC, RAN), was commissioned. She was laid down as CULGOA in Mort’s Dock, Sydney, on 3 December 1943, and launched on 3 March 1945 as MACQUARIE.

HMAS QUALITY was commissioned into the RAN after service in the RN. She replaced HMAS NAPIER on transfer to the RAN.

HMAS Vendetta paid off for disposal. On 20 March 1946 she was sold to Penguin Pty Ltd, Sydney. Her hull was scuttled off Sydney Heads on 2 July 1948.

Sub Lieutenant Leslie John Norton RANVR lost his life in a Seafire XV, whilst doing an air display at Schofields. The accident was initially blamed on pilot error, but an investigation found that at high speeds the Seafire was subject to aileron reversal. This condition could result in wing spar failure.

HMAS Paterson decommissioned at Sydney and was returned to her owners on 1 May 1946. She foundered on 11 June 1951 near Bird Island off the NSW Central Coast when she sprung a leak while carrying a general cargo, including 476 dozen bottles of beer, from Sydney to Newcastle

HMAS HOBART, (cruiser), was flagship of His Majesty’s Australian Squadron in Japan.


Born This Day In History 18th December

Celebrating Birthday's Today

Joseph Stalin
Born: 18th December 1878 Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire
Died: 5th March 1953 Moscow, Soviet Union
Known For :
Joseph Stalin born ( Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili ) was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. He was a member of the Bolshevik party together with Vladimir Lenin, before the Russian Revolution of 1917. Following the success of the Russian revolution he rose to power and held that power for more than 30 years using fear and murder to keep control and remove any possible enemies, he is remembered for "the great purge" by the state's secret police and intelligence agencies under his control in the 30's a campaign to purge the Communist Party of people accused of sabotage, terrorism, or treachery including the military where the accused were executed or imprisoned in Gulag labor camps or exiled, estimates of the number murdered under this purge range from 3 - 20 million depending on the source but provide an indication of how brutal his regime was. He was the Russian leader during World War II and it was under his leadership following World War II that Berlin was split and the soviet Union encompassed Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia and held a tight control over other communist block countries including Poland.


On 27 January 1945, Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration and death camp, was liberated by the Red Army. Photo: The liberation of Bergen-Belsen, April 1945.

The first Soviet officer in the camp was Anatoly Shapiro. He was a Ukrainian Jew. I think it's fitting that a Jewish man was the commanding officer of the unit that liberated Auschwitz. I had the honor of meeting him before he passed away (he was friends with my grandma). He passed away in New York in 2005.

According to his wiki, he didn't even know the holocaust had taken over 6 million Jewish lives until he immigrated to the U.S. in 1992. I'm curious how such information impacted him considering he was 79 years old when he found out.

Anatoly Shapiro

Anatoly Pavlovich Shapiro (Russian: Анатолий Павлович Шапиро, Ukrainian: Анатолій Павлович Шапіро, 18 January 1913 - 8 October 2005), was a Ukrainian-born Jewish soldier of the Army of the Soviet Union, who led the first elements of the advancing army into the Nazi-developed Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland, during the latter stages of World War II. He was awarded: two Orders of the Red Star two Orders of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree, for the Liberation of Kraków the Order of the Patriotic War of the 2nd degree, and numerous other medals.

What was he like in person?

Being so exhausted and malnourished that barbed wire makes a good back rest is something I hope I or any other never have to experience. I hope the world is learning, but I can't say I am optimistic.

That was what struck me. I honesty thought, how could they do that, it would be so uncomfortable and hurt their back. and then quickly realized that they were used to so so so much worse. That leaves a sick feeling in my stomach.

And, I mean barbed wire I'm used to is the western US kind which this kind has like 8 barbs in between the wire I'm used to seeing.

Over 40 years after the end of the war and the discovery of the camps, a visitor was invited to Auschwitz by the UN. Chum Mey was one of the handful of survivors from S-21 / Tuol Sleng in Cambodia. While moved by the horrors, he wrote in his autobiography that he was surprised to discover the Germans provided beds and dormitories. Such luxuries did not exist in S-21 and showed more humanity than his captors were capable of. So it doesn't appear the world is learning, and even worse is tolerated - the West supported the Khmer Rouge who were responsible for the network of death camps he survived.


Implementation of the "Final Solution"

World War II provided Nazi officials the opportunity to adopt more radical measures against the Jews under the pretext that they posed a threat to Germany. After occupying Poland, German authorities confined the Jewish population to ghettos, to which they also later deported thousands of Jews from the Third Reich. Hundreds of thousands of Jews died from the horrendous conditions in the ghettos in German-occupied Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe.

Following the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, SS and police units perpetrated mass shootings of Jews and Roma, as well as Soviet Communist Party and state officials in eastern Europe. The German units involved in these massacres included Einsatzgruppen, Order Police battalions, and Waffen-SS units. As they moved through eastern Europe, these units relied on logistical support from the German military (the Wehrmacht). In addition to shootings, these units also used specially designed mobile gas vans as a means of killing. Mass shootings of Jews in eastern Europe continued throughout the war. Of the approximately 6 million Jews who died in the Holocaust, at least 1.5 million and possibly more than 2 million died in mass shootings or gas vans in Soviet territory.

In late 1941, Nazi officials opted to employ an additional method to kill Jews, one originally developed for the “Euthanasia” Program: stationary gas chambers. Between 1941 and 1944, Nazi Germany and its allies deported Jews from areas under their control to killing centers. These killing centers, often called extermination camps in English, were located in German-occupied Poland. Poison gas was the primary means of murder at these camps. Nearly 2.7 million Jews were murdered at the five killing centers: Belzec, Chelmno, Sobibor, Treblinka, and Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Some able-bodied Jewish deportees were temporarily spared to perform forced labor in ghettos, forced labor camps for Jews, or concentration camps in Nazi-occupied Poland and the Soviet Union. Most of these workers died from starvation and disease or were killed when they became too weak to work.

My mother ran over to me and grabbed me by the shoulders, and she told me "Leibele, I'm not going to see you no more. Take care of your brother."
—Leo Schneiderman describing arrival at Auschwitz, selection, and separation from his family


Today in History, January 27, 1945: Nazi concentration camps at Auschwitz and Birkenau liberated

A group of children at Auschwitz just after its liberation in January 1945 by the Russian army. More than 1.5 million people died at Auschwitz during the Nazi regime. (Photo: File)

Today is Jan. 27. On this date:

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria.

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, who wrote “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” under the pen name Lewis Carroll, was born in Cheshire, England.

Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.

Auschwitz liberation day. The Russian military photographer asked the children to display their tattoos. On the far left is 6-year-old Tova Friedman. (Photo: COURTESY OF STEVE ROGERS)

An era of atomic testing in the Nevada desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a 1-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flat.

Astronauts Virgil "Gus" Grissom, left, and Roger Chaffee, right, and University of Michigan grad Edward White II pose next to their Saturn 1 launch vehicle on Jan. 17, 1967. (Photo: Courtesy of NASA, Courtesy of NASA)

More than 60 nations signed a treaty banning the deploying of nuclear weapons in outer space.

The Vatican issued a declaration reaffirming the Roman Catholic Church's ban on female priests.

Singer Michael Jackson suffered serious burns to his scalp when pyrotechnics set his hair on fire during the filming of a Pepsi-Cola TV commercial at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles.

First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, on NBC’s “Today” show, charged the sexual misconduct allegations against her husband, President Bill Clinton, were the work of a “vast right-wing conspiracy.”

The Ferguson, Missouri, Police Department agreed to overhaul its policies, training and practices as part of a sweeping deal with the Justice Department following the 2014 fatal police shooting of 18-year-old Michael Brown.


After the Fall: Photos of Hitler’s Bunker and the Ruins of Berlin

Russian soldiers and a civilian struggled to move a large bronze Nazi Party eagle that once loomed over a doorway of the Reich Chancellery, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Written By: Ben Cosgrove

In the spring of 1945, as Russian and German troops fought savagely, street by street for control of the German capital, it became increasingly clear that the Allies would win the war in Europe. Not long after the two-week battle for Berlin ended, 33-year-old LIFE photographer William Vandivert was on the scene, photographing the city’s devastated landscape and the eerie scene inside the bunker where Adolf Hitler spent the last months of his life where he and Eva Braun were married and where, just before war’s end, the two killed themselves on April 30.

Between August 1940 and March 1945 American, Royal Air Force and Soviet bombers launched more than 350 air strikes on Berlin tens of thousands of civilians were killed, and countless buildings apartment buildings, government offices, military installations were obliterated. Vandivert, LIFE reported, “found almost every famous building [in Berlin] a shambles. In the center of town GIs could walk for blocks and see no living thing, hear nothing but the stillness of death, smell nothing but the stench of death.”

Hundreds of thousands perished in the Battle of Berlin—including untold numbers of civilian men, women and children—while countless more were left homeless amid the ruins. But it was two particular deaths, those of Hitler, 56, and Eva Braun, 33, in that sordid underground bunker on April 30, 1945, that signaled the true, final fall of the Third Reich.

Vandivert was the first Western photographer to gain access to Hitler’s Führerbunker, or “shelter for the leader,” after the fall of Berlin, and a handful of his pictures of the bunker and the ruined city were published in LIFE magazine in July 1945. A few of those images are republished here most of the pictures in this gallery, however, never appeared in LIFE. Taken together, they illuminate the surreal, disturbing universe Vandivert encountered in the bunker itself, and in the streets of the vanquished city beyond the bunker’s walls.

In his typed notes to his editors in New York, Vandivert described in detail what he saw. For example, of the fourth slide in this gallery, he wrote: “Pix of [correspondents] looking at sofa where Hitler and Eva shot themselves. Note bloodstains on arm of soaf [sic] where Eva bled. She was seated at far end . . . Hitler sat in middle and fell forward, did not bleed on sofa. This is in Hitler’s sitting room.”

Remarkable stuff but, as it turns out, it’s probably only about half right. Most historians are now quite certain that Braun committed suicide by biting into a cyanide capsule, rather than by gunshot—meaning the bloodstains on the couch might well be Hitler’s, after all. On that late April afternoon in 1945, with his “Thousand-Year Reich” already in its death throes, Hitler shot himself in the temple.

Oberwallstrasse, in central Berlin, saw some of the most vicious fighting between German and Soviet troops in the spring of 1945.

William Vandivert/ Life Pictures/Shutterstock

A new view of a photograph that appeared, heavily cropped, in LIFE, picturing Hitler’s bunker, partially burned by retreating German troops and stripped of valuables by invading Russians.

William Vandivert/ Life Pictures/Shutterstock

In typed notes that William Vandivert sent to LIFE’s New York offices after getting to Berlin, he described his intense, harried visit to Hitler’s bunker: “These pix were made in the dark with only candle for illumination … Our small party of four beat all rest of mob who came down about forty minutes after we got there.” Above: A 16th century painting reportedly stolen from a Milan museum.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

With only candles to light their way, war correspondents examined a couch stained with blood (see the dark patch on the arm of the sofa) located inside Hitler’s bunker.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Abandoned furniture and debris inside Adolf Hitler’s bunker, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Papers (mostly news reports dated April 29, the day before Hitler and Eva Bruan killed themselves) inside Hitler’s bunker, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

A Russian soldier stood in Adolf Hitler’s bunker, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

A desk inside Adolf Hitler’s bunker, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

An SS officer’s cap, with the infamous death’s-head skull emblem barely visible.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

A ruined, empty and likely looted safe inside Hitler’s bunker.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

LIFE correspondent Percy Knauth, left, sifted through debris in the shallow trench in the garden of the Reich Chancellery where, Knauth was told, the bodies of Hitler and Eva Braun were burned after their suicides.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

In the garden of the Reich Chancellery, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

A bullet-riddled sentry pillbox outside Hitler’s bunker, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

An unidentified hand on the destroyed hinge of the door to Hitler’s bunker, burned off by advancing Russian combat engineers, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Empty gasoline cans, reportedly used by SS troops to burn the bodies of Hitler and Eva Braun after their suicides in the bunker, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Russian soldiers and a civilian struggled to move a large bronze Nazi Party eagle that once loomed over a doorway of the Reich Chancellery, Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

An American soldier, PFC Douglas Page, offered a mocking Nazi salute inside the bombed-out ruins of the Berliner Sportspalast, or Sport Palace. The venue, destroyed during an Allied bombing raid in January 1944, was where the Third Reich often held political rallies.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

At the Reichstag, evidence of a practice common throughout the centuries: soldiers scrawling graffiti to honor fallen comrades, insult the vanquished or simply announce, I was here. I survived. Berlin, 1945.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

A crushed globe and a bust of Hitler amid rubble outside the ruined Reich Chancellery.

William Vandivert/Life Pictures/Shutterstock


This Day In History: Eight Japanese War Criminals Are Executed In Tokyo (1945)

On this day in history, eight Japanese war criminals are executed in Tokyo, Japan. The men had been found guilty by the Far Eastern War Crimes Tribunal and found guilty of crimes against humanity. Hideki Tojo, was the most prominent Japanese to be executed for war crimes. The former Japanese premier was chief of the Kwantung Army and was deemed to be responsible for many of its atrocities. The Japanese army committed atrocities in every country they invaded. Tojo did not deny his role and accepted his fate, some believe that he did so to protect the Emperor. Tojo was executed along with six other top Japanese for crimes against humanity committed during World War II and also for their role in starting the war in the Pacific. Some of the defendants were found guilty of the crime of genocide that is an attempt to exterminate a group or race. The tribunal found that the Japanese Army engaged in genocide in several countries that they occupied and especially in China. The Tribunal sentenced the eight former Japanese leaders to death on November the 12 th . Among those sentenced to die was Iwane Matsui who had commanded the Japanese army during the Rape of Nanking (he is pictured on horseback above)This was a six-week orgy of violence and rape after the Japanese army had captured the Nationalist Chinese capital. It is possible that 25,0,000 people died in Nanking and 20,000 women raped. Another war criminal who was executed on this date, had tortured, killed and starved Allied prisoners of war. At the same trial, sixteen other war criminals were sentenced to life imprisonment. Two were given lesser sentences.

The executed Japanese premier Tojo (1943)

The war crimes trials in Japan were different to the Nuremberg trial of German war criminals. At Nuremberg, all of the leading allied countries were represented and each had their own prosecutors. At the Tokyo war crimes trials, there was only one prosecutor, the American Joseph B. Keenan. Other nations especially China, did participate in the trial and provided evidence. There were many more war crimes trials in Japan and in the countries&rsquo that were occupied by the Japanese Imperial Army. In total almost 1000 Japanese former leaders and generals were executed for their role in the atrocities and war crimes. The Japanese had committed many atrocities against civilians and prisoners of war. There are many in Asia who believe that not enough Japanese were brought to justice over war crimes. The Chinese are still angered over, at what they believe is the Japanese lack of remorse for their crimes in the Sino-Japanese War.


Watch the video: Silent Hunter 3 - Patrol #1 January 1945 - Поход 1 январь 1945